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Dmitrovsky district environment in many respects is defined by the physiographic arrangement of all Moscow region causing its climatic conditions, a landscape variety, the hydrological mode, geomorphological structure and a set of other natural indicators. 


According to ekologo-economic division into districts, the Dmitrovsky district is a part of the Klin and Dmitrovsky zone located in the northeast of the Moscow region. On extent of transformation of natural natural landscapes this territory belongs to natural and technogenic with average extent of restoration of resource potential. On the most part of the territory landscapes with transformation depth to 5 meters prevail. The territory of the area has a considerable stock of the water and forest recreational resources favorable for rest. 


Landscapes of Dmitrovsky district are dated for the Smolensk and Moscow morenno-erosive height having the steep northern slope (to 80 m) dismembered by deep river valleys. A relief, as a rule, gently rolling and undulate with small flat heights. The erosive ovrazhno-frame network is well developed. Absolute marks of heights of mezhdurechiya change from 200 m to 270 m. 


In a geological structure two horizons Moscow and the dneprovskikh of the thin loams in places divided by flyuvioglyatsialny sand are allocated. On a surface there is a layer of integumentary loams. Practically the Jurassic clays are everywhere developed, in the northeast sandy and sandy-argillaceous breeds of cretaceous age remained. The coal water-bearing horizons are reliably protected here. The territory of the area belongs to weak (in the north) and to average (in the south) to manifestation of karst and landslide processes. 


In the hydrogeological relation the area belongs to the Moscow artesian basin. In this territory rather broad development was gained by the verkhovodka and waters sporadic extended at a different depth in sandy lenses and pro-layers of moraines. These waters in places possess a pressure in this connection their hydraulic communication with waters of coal deposits is possible. The soil composing a section differs in rather high reliability in the basis of constructions, except for inundated and marsh deposits here. 


According to a soil assessment, the Dmitrovsky district is included into the district of cespitose and podsolic loamy soils of Smolensk-Moscow Upland, sometimes various degree of a smytost. On degree of an opodzolennost of soils in Smolensk the district prevail sredneopodzolenny (on a surface of watersheds and the top parts of slopes) and silnoopodzolenny (in microdecreases of watersheds and the lower parts of slopes). 


For the area lands with an average value of moistening of soils are characteristic and their marshiness (from 25 to 50% of total area), rather high susceptibility of soils of an erosion is noted (from 10 to 25%). Processes of an erosion were widely adopted on farmlands that leads to loss of fertility of the soil. The maintenance of a humus in soils low (2,5%).

Dmitrovsky district environment in many respects is defined by the physiographic arrangement of all Moscow region causing its climatic conditions, a landscape variety, the hydrological mode, geomorphological structure and a set of other natural indicators. 


According to ekologo-economic division into districts, the Dmitrovsky district is a part of the Klin and Dmitrovsky zone located in the northeast of the Moscow region. On extent of transformation of natural natural landscapes this territory belongs to natural and technogenic with average extent of restoration of resource potential. On the most part of the territory landscapes with transformation depth to 5 meters prevail. The territory of the area has a considerable stock of the water and forest recreational resources favorable for rest. 


Landscapes of Dmitrovsky district are dated for the Smolensk and Moscow morenno-erosive height having the steep northern slope (to 80 m) dismembered by deep river valleys. A relief, as a rule, gently rolling and undulate with small flat heights. The erosive ovrazhno-frame network is well developed. Absolute marks of heights of mezhdurechiya change from 200 m to 270 m. 


In a geological structure two horizons Moscow and the dneprovskikh of the thin loams in places divided by flyuvioglyatsialny sand are allocated. On a surface there is a layer of integumentary loams. Practically the Jurassic clays are everywhere developed, in the northeast sandy and sandy-argillaceous breeds of cretaceous age remained. The coal water-bearing horizons are reliably protected here. The territory of the area belongs to weak (in the north) and to average (in the south) to manifestation of karst and landslide processes. 


In the hydrogeological relation the area belongs to the Moscow artesian basin. In this territory rather broad development was gained by the verkhovodka and waters sporadic extended at a different depth in sandy lenses and pro-layers of moraines. These waters in places possess a pressure in this connection their hydraulic communication with waters of coal deposits is possible. The soil composing a section differs in rather high reliability in the basis of constructions, except for inundated and marsh deposits here. 


According to a soil assessment, the Dmitrovsky district is included into the district of cespitose and podsolic loamy soils of Smolensk-Moscow Upland, sometimes various degree of a smytost. On degree of an opodzolennost of soils in Smolensk the district prevail sredneopodzolenny (on a surface of watersheds and the top parts of slopes) and silnoopodzolenny (in microdecreases of watersheds and the lower parts of slopes). 


For the area lands with an average value of moistening of soils are characteristic and their marshiness (from 25 to 50% of total area), rather high susceptibility of soils of an erosion is noted (from 10 to 25%). Processes of an erosion were widely adopted on farmlands that leads to loss of fertility of the soil. The maintenance of a humus in soils low (2,5%).


At an assessment of a current state of environment in Dmitrovsky district, besides natural features, it is necessary to consider the considerable anthropogenous influence caused by different types of economic activity. For the Klin and Dmitrovsky zone silvicultural activity, suburban gardening, collective gardening and truck farming are characteristic. 


Fields of clay and sand-gravel material are developed. In the south of the territory large industrial production is rather strongly developed. 


In Dmitrovsky district the ecological situation on many indicators is considered satisfactory. In Dmitrovsky district (especially on its border) economic activity of the neighboring areas can have a certain anthropogenous impact on quality indicators of ecosystems (Klin and Solnechnogorsky – in the northwest, Sergiyevo-Posadsky – in the east). Influence of the city of Moscow not so essentially and can be connected only with carrying out by air masses of the polluting substances at the corresponding wind mode. 


On extent of transformation of environment the territory belongs to natural and technogenic, with high and average degree of resistance to technogenic loadings. The most part of lands of the area is occupied with forest fund and agricultural enterprises, the share of lands of the industry in the area makes only 4 - 6%. Considering existence of the green space which is carrying out protective functions the area belongs to rather safe districts of Moscow region. Forests of Dmitrovsky district are carried to the I-st group (a high class of site class - 1-2) and carry out the water preserving, sanitary and hygienic and improving functions. 


By results of a geochemical assessment, the condition of soils in general on area remains intense that is connected with technogenic emissions of the industrial enterprises and power objects, increase in number of motor transport, application in agrofarms of means of chemicalixation. So, roadside territories are polluted over the maximum concentration limits levels by lead, copper, zinc, manganese. Near highways within 10 m also high content of chlorides is observed. The greatest pollution (over maximum concentration limit) is observed from the motor transport and fixed at distance of 100 m from highways. In Dmitrovsky district within several years the maximum pesticidal loadings exceeding regional average by 1,2 - 2,2 times are observed. One of types of physical degradation of soils, characteristic for certain territories, the reconsolidation connected with rather fast development of new territories under country and farmstead building is. 


The Dmitrovsky district belongs to areas with satisfactory hydrochemical indicators of water sources. The superficial water objects located in the territory of the area belong to rather safe water objects. Average concentration of the polluting substances in them don't exceed maximum concentration limit.


The Dmitrovsky district doesn't belong to industrial (the share of lands of the industry makes 4 - 6%, it is rather low indicator in Moscow area). Average annual level of pollution of the air environment on the area the main harmful substances (sulfur dioxide, the weighed substances, carbon oxide) doesn't exceed admissible sizes maximum concentration limits. 


Radiation pollution of the atmosphere in the considered territory is airborne at the level of the background maintenance of radioactive elements (9-17 μR/hour) that doesn't pose threat for health of the population. 


On extent of transformation of the nature the territory of the area belongs to semi-natural with the admissible level of technogenic influences, natural landscapes didn't lose ability to self-restoration yet.